sedative a drug that calms a
person and allows her or him to sleep.
contractions of muscles that can result in sudden movement or loss of control, also known
self-esteem How you feel
about yourself how you feel about who you are, the way you act, and how you look.
When a person does not think too highly of themselves, she is said to have low
semen the fluid (which contains
sperm) a male releases from his penis when he becomes sexually aroused or has an orgasm.
Sexual advances (like touching, grabbing) or sexual comments (that can be offensive and/or
joking) that are not wanted or appropriate. This can happen in the workplace and a person
can feel like they have no control over it. They may decide not to deal with it because
they fear they will lose their job or not get a raise or promotion.
sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
diseases that are spread by sexual activity.
sickle cell anemia a blood
disorder passed down from parents to children. It involves problems in the red blood
cells. Normal red blood cells are round and smooth and move through blood vessels easily.
Sickle cells are hard and have a curved edge. These cells cannot squeeze through small
blood vessels. They block the organs from getting blood. Your body destroys sickle red
cells quickly, but it cant make new red blood cells fast enough-- a condition called
social worker A licensed
clinical social worker (L.C.S.W.) is trained in psychotherapy and helps people with many
different mental health and daily living problems to improve overall functioning. Usually
has a master's degree in social work (M.S.W.).
sodium in reference to diet and
food, the salt content of food is usually given in terms of "sodium." For
instance, the label of a can of soup may list "Sodium 400 mg" per cup. Excess
sodium from high sodium foods like french fries is excreted in the urine. Having too much
or too little sodium in a person's body can cause the body's cells to not work properly.
speech therapy therapy aimed to
help a person with a speech or language disorder or problem to restore basic speech
jellies, foams, creams, or suppositories, inserted into the vagina prior to intercourse
that kill sperm.
stethoscope instrument used
by health care professionals to detect sounds produced in the body. Commonly used to
listen to your heartbeat to detect any heart-related problems and to listen to your lungs
for sounds that they could have fluid inside them.
stroke sometimes called a
"brain attack," is caused by a lack of blood flow to the brain, or bleeding in
the brain. A person's speech, writing, balance, sensation, memory, thinking, attention,
and learning are some of the areas that can be affected as a result of suffering a stroke.
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
the diagnosis given for the sudden death of an infant under one year of age that remains
unexplained after a complete investigation. Because most cases of SIDS occur when a baby
is sleeping in a crib, SIDS is also commonly known as crib death. Most SIDS deaths occur
when a baby is between 1 and 4 months of age.
a method of pregnancy planning or birth control that combines certain aspects of
the calendar, the basal body temperature, and the cervical mucus methods. It takes into
account all these factors as well as other symptoms a woman might have, such as slight
cramping and breast tenderness.
synthetic made in a lab and
not from a natural source.
systemic lupus erythematosus an
autoimmune disease that can cause inflammation and damage to the joints, skin, kidneys,
heart, lungs, blood vessels, and brain.
Tay-Sachs disease a fatal
genetic disorder in which harmful quantities of a fatty substance called ganglioside GM2
build up in the nerve cells in the brain and damage the cells. In children, this begins in
the fetus early in pregnancy. By the time a child with Tay-Sachs is three or four years
old, the nervous system is so badly affected that death usually results by age five.