pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) an
infection of the female reproductive organs that are above the cervix, such as the
fallopian tubes and ovaries. It is the most common and serious problem caused by sexually
transmitted diseases (STDs). PID can cause ectopic pregnancies, infertility, chronic
pelvic pain, and other serious problems. Symptoms include fever, foul-smelling vaginal
discharge, extreme pain, and vaginal bleeding.
peptic ulcers a sore on
the lining of the stomach or duodenum (beginning of the small intestine). Peptic ulcers
are common -- one in 10 Americans develops an ulcer at some time in his or her life. One
cause of peptic ulcer is bacterial infection, but some ulcers are caused by long-term use
of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs), like aspirin and ibuprofen. In a few
cases, cancerous tumors in the stomach or pancreas can cause ulcers. Peptic ulcers are not
caused by stress or eating spicy food.
classification of disorders that involve damaged or destroyed nerves. These
disorders do not include the nerves of the brain or spinal cord.
peripheral vascular disease (also called peripheral
arterial disease (PAD)) - A common disorder in which the arteries supplying
oxygen rich blood from the heart to a limb (typically one or both legs) are blocked. As a
result, the organs do not get enough blood flow for normal function. The most common cause
of PAD is atherosclerosis
pesticides any substance or
mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, or repelling any pest. It also
includes herbicides, fungicides, and various other substances used to control pests.
phobias An anxiety disorder in
which a person suffers from an unusual amount of fear of a certain activity or situation.
phototherapy treatment with
light. Prescription phototherapy exposes the baby's skin to special fluorescent lights. In
mild cases of jaundice, exposing the baby's skin to sunlight (taking care to avoid
sunburn) is sometimes recommended.
physical therapy therapy aimed to
restore movement, balance and coordination.
pituitary gland a small gland
in the head that makes hormones that control other glands and many body functions
plaque a buildup of fat,
cholesterol and other substances that accumulate in the walls of the arteries.
plugged (milk) duct when
the small milk ducts in the breast become blocked, or plugged. This is often caused by
pneumonia inflammation of the
lungs. Causes of pneumonia include bacteria and viruses.
pneumonia inflammation of the
lungs caused by an infection.
videos, and written material that openly shows sexual situations and causes sexual
postpartum depression (PPD) a
serious condition that requires treatment from a health care provider. With this
condition, feelings of the baby blues (feeling sad, anxious, afraid, or confused after
having a baby) do not go away or get worse.
post-traumatic stress disorder A
psychological condition that can happen when a person sees or experiences something
traumatic, such as rape, murder, torture, or wartime combat. A person can have many
symptoms including flashbacks (re-living the event), nightmares, fatigue, anxiety, and
forgetfulness. A person can also withdraw from family and friends.
preeclampsia Also known as
Toxemia, it is a condition that can occur in a woman in the second half of her pregnancy
that can cause serious problems for both her and the baby. It causes high blood pressure,
protein in the urine, blood changes and other problems.
prematurely before the
primary lactase deficiency
when a person is born with the inability to digest lactose, a sugar found in milk
and milk products. Lactose can't be digested because there is not enough of an enzyme,
called lactase, in the body. Consuming milk and dairy products causes diarrhea, bloating,
gas, and discomfort. This deficiency can also develop over time, as the amount of lactase
in the body decreases with age.
progesterone a female
hormone produced by the ovaries. Progesterone, along with estrogen, prepares the uterus
(womb) for a possible pregnancy each month and supports the fertilized egg if conception
occurs. Progesterone also helps prepare the breasts for milk production and breastfeeding.
progestin a hormone that works
by causing changes in the uterus. When taken with the hormone estrogen, progestin works to
prevent thickening of the lining of the uterus. This is helpful for women who are in
menopause and are taking estrogen for their symptoms. Progestins also are prescribed to
regulate the menstrual cycle, treat unusual stopping of the menstrual periods, help a
pregnancy occur or maintain a pregnancy, or treat unusual or heavy bleeding of the uterus.
They also can be used to prevent pregnancy, help treat cancer of the breast, kidney, or
uterus, and help treat loss of appetite and severe weight or muscle loss.
prolactin a hormone that
increases during pregnancy and breastfeeding. It stimulates the human breast to produce
milk. Prolactin also helps inhibit ovulation.
prostate gland a gland in a
man's reproductive system. It makes and stores seminal fluid. This fluid is released to
form part of semen.
psoriasis a chronic
(long-lasting) skin disease of scaling and inflammation that mostly affects adults. It
occurs when skin cells quickly rise from their origin below the surface of the skin and
pile up on the surface before they have a chance to mature. Usually this movement takes
about a month, but in psoriasis it may occur in only a few days. Psoriasis results in
patches of thick, red (inflamed) skin covered with silvery scales. These patches usually
itch or feel sore, and most often occur on the elbows, knees, other parts of the legs,
scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of the feet, but they can occur on skin anywhere
on the body.
psychiatrist a doctor
(M.D.) who treats mental illness. Psychiatrists must receive additional training and serve
a supervised residency in their specialty. They can prescribe medications.
psychologist A clinical
psychologist is a professional who treats mental illness, emotional disturbance, and
behavior problems. They use talk therapy as treatment, and cannot prescribe medication. A
clinical psychologist will have a master's degree (M.A.) or doctorate (Ph.D.) in
psychology, and possibly more training in a specific type of therapy.
or "talk" therapy with a qualified practitioner in which a person can explore
difficult, and often painful, emotions and experiences, such as feelings of anxiety,
depression, or trauma. It is a process that aims to help the patient become better at
making positive choices in his or her life, and to become more self-sufficient.
Psychotherapy can be given for an individual or in a group setting.
puberty time when the body is
changing from the body of a child to the body of an adult. This process begins earlier in
girls than in boys, usually between ages 8 and 13, and lasts 2 to 4 years.
pudenal block This
procedure anesthetizes, or numbs, the area around the vulva to reduce pain during labor
purging forcing oneself to