hemorrhoids veins around the
anus or lower rectum that are swollen and inflamed.
hepatitis B a serious
disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver. The virus, which is called hepatitis B
virus (HBV), can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver
cancer, liver failure, and death. You get hepatitis B by direct contact with the blood or
body fluids of an infected person; for instance, you can become infected by having sex or
sharing needles with an infected person. A baby can get hepatitis B from an infected
mother during childbirth.
hepatitis C a liver disease,
caused by a virus, that makes the liver swells and stops it from working correctly.
high blood pressure also known as
hypertension. A cardiovascular disease which means the blood vessels become tight and
constricted, forcing your heart to pump harder to move blood through your body. These
changes cause the blood to press on the vessel walls with greater force, which can damage
blood vessels and organs, including the heart, kidneys, eyes, and brain. Blood pressure is
considered high if it is greater than 140 over 90 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury).
HIV see HIV/AIDS infection
HIV/AIDS infection HIV is the virus
that causes AIDS, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV infection can produce no
symptoms for many years. When certain symptoms develop, a person has AIDS. AIDS is a
syndrome, or group of diseases, that can be fatal. HIV/AIDS infection is life-long, there
is no cure.
hormone substance produced by
one tissue and conveyed by the bloodstream to another to effect a function of the body,
such as growth or metabolism.
hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
replaces the hormones that a woman's ovaries stop making at the time of menopause, easing
symptoms like hot flashes and vaginal dryness. HRT combines the female hormones estrogen
and progesterone and is usually given in pill form. [A recent study has found that HRT can
cause more harm than good in healthy women, and can increase a woman's risk for breast
cancer, heart disease, stroke, and pulmonary embolism (blood clot in the lung). Talk with
your health care provider to find out if HRT is best for you and about other ways to
control menopause symptoms.]
hypertension see high blood
hysterectomy surgery to
remove the uterus.