eating disorder eating
disorders, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder, involve
serious problems with eating. This could include an extreme decrease of food or severe
overeating, as well as feelings of distress and concern about body shape or weight.
ectopic pregnancy a pregnancy
that is not in the uterus. It happens when a fertilized egg settles and grows in a place
other than the inner lining of the uterus. Most happen in the fallopian tube, but can
happen in the ovary, cervix, or abdominal cavity.
electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) an
external, noninvasive test that records the electrical activity of the heart.
when the amounts of sodium and potassium in the body become too much or too little.
embryo a period during pregnancy
where the baby has rapid growth, and the main external features begin to take form.
cancer that develops from the endometrium, or the inner lining of the uterus (womb).
endometriosis a condition
in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows in other areas of the body, usually
inside the abdominal cavity, but acts as if it were inside the uterus. Blood shed monthly
from the misplaced tissue has no place to go, and tissues surrounding the area of
endometriosis may become inflamed or swollen. This can produce scar tissue. Symptoms
include painful menstrual cramps that can be felt in the abdomen or lower back, or pain
during or after sexual activity, irregular bleeding, and infertility.
endoscopy a diagnostic
procedure in which a thin, flexible tube is introduced through the mouth or rectum to view
parts of the digestive tract.
engorgement condition in
which breasts become overly full of milk. Engorged breasts may feel swollen, hard, and
painful. Engorgement can lead to blocked milk ducts.
epidural During labor a woman
may be offered an epidural, where a needle is inserted into the epidural space at the end
of the spine, to numb the lower body and reduce pain. This allows a woman to have more
energy and strength for the end stage of labor, when it is time to push the baby out of
the birth canal.
epilepsy a physical disorder
that involves recurrent convulsions, also known as seizures. It is caused by sudden
changes in how the brain works.
episiotomy This is a
procedure where an incision is made in the perineum (area between the vagina and the anus)
to make the vaginal opening larger in order to prevent the area from tearing during
erectile dysfunction inability
to achieve and keep a penile erection.
esophagus tube that connects
the throat with the stomach.
estrogen a group of female
hormones that are responsible for the development of breasts and other secondary sex
characteristics in women. Estrogen is produced by the ovaries and other body tissues.
Estrogen, along with progesterone, is important in preparing a woman's body for pregnancy.